Glossary Of Terms...

We who are engaged with the paranormal and supernatural have our own glossary of terms. To help in your understanding, we have listed some commonly used words and phrases used by P.O.I.N.T. Investigators. We would encourage you to bookmark this page for future reference as words and terms may be added in the future.

 

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A

Afreet
In Arabic lore, the vengeful spirit of a murdered person which arises from the victim's shed blood.

Afterlife
The concept of a realm, or the realm itself (whether physical or transcendental), in which an essential part of an individual's identity or consciousness continues to reside after the death of the body in the individual's lifetime. According to various ideas of the afterlife, the essential aspect of the individual that lives on after death may be some partial element, or the entire soul, of an individual, which carries with it and confers personal identity.

Agent
The apparition or ghost seen by a human being. Also can be a spirit guide for a medium.

Akashic Records
Originally a Hindu concept of a vast, and ever increasing, psychic repository of every thought and emotion - human or otherwise - which has ever been, and into which some individuals seem able to tap.

Alchemy
The exploration and application of the sciences, particularly chemistry and the pseudo science of astrology, such as they were understood during the middle ages and early Renaissance period. Alchemists were chiefly dedicated to the worthy pursuit of producing gold from base metals and various materials.

Allee, John Dewey
(b. March 8, 1951) Occult author and founder of a "Satanic Church" in Salem, MA, and New England's version of Aleister Crowley. Note: On May 1st, 2003, Dewey's organization reported he'd expired; it turns out he's merely retired.

Alma
Russian wild-man encountered in Siberia and northern China, generally described as being covered in hair and powerfully built, though shorter in stature and more human appearing than the Yeti. Some researchers have suggested that Almas may be decended from Neanderthals (Homo Neandertalensis).

Amulet
Any object that is believed to be endowed with supernatural powers allowing it to fend off ghosts and evil spirits, or to bring good luck.

Anthropomorphize
The human centric tendency of imposing human perceptions and priorities upon spirits and other worldly creatures or forces, assuming that all consciousnesses must be akin to ours on some basic levels. (This is a logical assumption when applied to the survival instinct and perhaps to physical procreation; anything more is merely a guess.)

Anomalistic Psychology
The scientific study of anomalous phenomena, including, but not limited to, such parapsychological events as ESP, life-after-death experiences and alleged alien abduction experiences.

Anomaly
An anomaly (literally, no law or rule) is an irregular or unusual event which does not fit a standard rule or law.

Apparition
A spirit apparition is the classic form of a ghost and the rarest paranormal phenomena. It is the partial or full (sometimes incomplete) form representing a person or animal who was once living and is presently passed on. Sometimes the apparition is transparent and sometimes it can look as if it were solid, but eventually disappears.

Apports
An object created by mediums and poltergeists, which materializes out of thin air and takes solid form. These objects can be coins, jewelry, or anything that would have significance to the members of the séance. It is also known as Materialization.

Astral Projection
Is also called Out of Body Experience (OBE), and is a phenomenon where a spirit double (or astral body) leaves the body (of a living being) and travels to another location.

Atheist
Someone who disbelieves and/or denies the existence of God(s).

Atmospheric Apparition
Also referred to as Atmospheric Imprinting, or Residual Haunts occur when an event is sufficiently traumatic enough that it actually imprints itself into the atmosphere and then replays over and over again. This is most commonly seen at battlefield sites. In the case where a ghost is seen only on the anniversary of the event, the phenomenon is referred to as a Recurring Apparition. (also see Psychic Burn)

Aura
The field of energy that surrounds all living creatures, including human beings, animals and plants. Some people have the ability to see colored auras and can determine the health and emotions of an individual by the color of their aura. Aura Photography is used to capture the aura on film, usually using Polaroid cameras and film.

Automatic Writing
Is a type of automatism–unconscious muscular movements that are guided by spirits, in this case, writing. Automatic painting has also been documented where a former artist spirit guides the brush of a living artist.

Awakening
The exact moment when paranormal activity suddenly and unexpectedly emerges from a location where no paranormal activity has been reported before, (or that has not been recorded for a long time).

B

Banshee
An ancient Irish and Scottish tradition of a female spirit foretelling a tragedy or death. They are said to emit a sound similar to a mournful crying.

Baphomet
Demon character supposedly worshiped by the Knights Templar in 14th century France. Some present day practitioners of the black arts regard Baphomet as a "god" of lust and regeneration, and symbolic of the Devil.

Banishing
Formal, ceremonial, procedure affected to cast an invisible presence or influence out from an area. This term can refer either to a spiritual cleansing, or the closing of a magical rite, when the invoked powers are dismissed.

Being
The state or quality of having existence, a living entity.

Bi-location
Appearing to be in two locations at one time, and often associated with astral projection.

Bogey
Also referred to as the bogeyman in British folklore, these are classed as horrible or evil spirits that love to be mischievous. Sometimes synonymous with the devil, in the past the threat of calling upon the bogeyman was used by parents to frighten children into good behavior.

C

Cabot, Laurie
(b. 1933) Wicca spokesperson, author, and for the past thirty years, recognized as the official High Priestess of the Witches of Salem, MA.

Calling Ghosts
Spirits who call out the names of the living in order to lure them to their deaths are called calling ghosts. The Sirens of Greek mythology were calling ghosts.

Caul
A thin membrane of amniotic fluid that remains covering the head of a newborn at birth. Those born with a caul are said to be blessed with luck, protection and supernatural powers. Such individuals are thought to be able to see and speak with ghosts and spirits.

Chalcedony
A type of translucent quartz, usually a smoky blue in color, that was used by the ancient Egyptians to drive away ghosts, night visions and sadness.

Carcosa
A mysterious nether region or outer-world containing the mythical lake called "Hali," which appears in the fiction of authors Ambroce G. Bierce An Inhabitant of Carcosa and Robert W. Chambers The King in Yellow: "Cassilda's Song". There are students of arcane, mystical lore who believe that Carcosa may truly exist, which is why it is included with this roster of terms.

Channeling
A form of spirit communication where a spirit takes possession of a medium to impart spiritual guidance, wisdom, or to communicate with those present at a séance.

Clairaudience
Means clear hearing – a psychic ability which enables someone to hear noises unheard by other people. It is the ability to hear voices, astral music or discarnate beings. This is considered a form of channeling. A person may actually hear spirits talking or singing in their head while there are no auditory sounds.

Clairgustance
Means clear tasting – a psychic ability which enables someone experience a sense of taste associated with a spirit.

Clairsentience
Means clear feeling – a psychic ability which enables someone feel the emotional energy of a spirit or living being.

Clairvoyance
The extrasensory perception manifesting in the form of either an internal or external vision of present or future events, objects, places and people. Clairvoyance usually occurs through dreams or flashes of events while the clairvoyant is awake. An example of a famous clairvoyant was Edgar Cayce.

Classic Haunting/Haunt
The spirit of a once living person that, for some reason, did not cross over at the moment of death. A Classic Haunt involves a spirit that has the ability to interact with you and vice versa.

Cleansing (Psychic)
A less ritualized form of exorcism, where-in a dwelling or site is purified and malevolent influences are banished through prayers, spoken as the petitioner moves through the area.

Cold Spot
An area of psychic energy with a considerable amount of temperature change from the surrounding area. They may be free floating or stationary. All other possibilities for the temperature change must be ruled out before this is to be considered authentic.

Cold Reading
A fraudulent technique used by charlatans to obtain information about a person. It is usually accomplished by a series of statements and questions by a fraudulent medium, responding to verbal and non-verbal answers of the person being "read."

Collective Apparition
The witnessing of an apparition by two or more persons: A case where more than one person sees the same spirit phenomenon.

Control
A spirit of the dead who acts as a medium's guide or intermediary to the "Other World." Also known as a Spirit Guide.

Crisis Apparition
A specific type of apparition where the agent projects his or her astral body at a time of crisis or death, usually to a loved one.

Cross-Correspondences
Interrelated bits of information received from the spirit world by different mediums at different times and locations. The communications must be joined together to form a complete message from the spirit(s).

Cross–Species Communication
To have a special rapport and understanding with animals, plants or alien beings.

Crowley, Aleister (Edward Alexander)
(b. 1875, d.1947) Scottish–born occultist, metaphysician, sorcerer, adventurer, poet and author of many occult treatises and manuals, including Magick in Theory and Practice. Crowley once dubbed himself "The Great Beast 666", one of the few of his many monikers which stayed with him, and the press referred to him as "The Wickedest Man in the World". Although in some respects brilliant, Crowley gave himself over to excess, amorality and eventual dissipation. His writings are still studied and analyzed by many present day, serious students of the magic(k)al arts.

Crystallomancy
The art of gazing into a crystal globe, a pool of water, a mirror, or any transparent object to see visions or summon forth spirits.

D

Dee, Doctor John
(b. 1527, d. 1608) Alchemist, astrologer, seer and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I of England who, along with his somewhat unscrupulous associate Edward Kelly, supposedly devised a method of deciphering an angelic language, known as the Enochian Calls.

Déjà vu
The feeling that a current situation has been experienced previously.

Dematerialization
The disappearance or fading of a physical object.

Demon
An evil spirit or being which is said to have not ever lived on earth in human form.

Demonology
The study of demons.

Discarnate
Having no physical form or body.

Disembodied voice
A voice heard or recorded that does not have a known source.

Direct Writing
Writing that materializes on a previously unmarked surface without the aid of a medium's hand.

Direct Voice Phenomenon (DVP)
Is heard most often at a séance when a spirit speaks directly to the sitters, not though the medium. The voice usually is heard near the medium, but not out of her/his mouth.

Divination
The ability to obtain unknown knowledge or future events from omens. Astrology may be considered divination.

Divining Rod
A forked rod used to indicate the presence of water or minerals underground.

DMILS
Abbreviation of Direct Mental Interaction with Living Systems. Used to denote instances where one person is attempting to influence a distant biological system, usually the physiology of another person. As it is unclear whether this represents an influence (see psychokinesis), a case of ESP on the part of the influence (see ESP) or an opportunistic selection process, the term interaction has been adopted.

Doppelganger
A spirit of a living person or animal outside of the physical body. Being exact duplicates of the living person including dress, this could possibly be an projected out of body experience either consciously or unconsciously or a death omen. Typically "double–goers" are seen by others in distant locations just as the individual in question is about to die or has died.

Dowsing
A method of locating people, animals, objects and water by the use of a forked rod, or a bent pair of wires. It is believed that we all have this skill, but it is usually untapped.

Drop In Communicator
A spirit who shows up at a séance uninvited. They often don't stay, but can bring with them apports, noises and/or strange lights.

Druids
A spiritual Celtic practice (religion) based upon the love of nature and the Earth. It fosters: Love of Land, the Earth, the Wild and reverence for Nature. They were the priests, magicians, mystics and priestesses of the Celtic people. The oak and the mistletoe that grows within its branches were scared to the Druids. Mythologies describe Druids capable of control of the weather, healing, levitation and shape changing themselves into the forms of animals.

Dybbuk
Found in Jewish legend; the restless soul of a deceased human being that enters the body and takes possession of a still-living person.

E

Earthbound spirit
A spirit trapped or bound to the earth plane, usually referred to as a ghost. It's theorized that they do not realize that they are dead, are stubborn, or are afraid to move on to the next world for whatever reason. Perhaps they have unfinished business or feel that they cannot move forward until something is fixed or achieved.

Ectoplasm
From the Greek words ektos and plasma meaning exteriorized substance. "Ghostbusters" Theory: slimy residue left over by a spirit who was recently in the area. More accepted explanation is that it is electromagnetic energy from a spirit. It is almost always white, (not green!) and changes form quickly, even when there's no wind. At times it is expelled from a medium's body while in a trance–like state. Ectoplasm is warm to the touch, and has a wax–like consistence. It can also be rubbery and disappears when exposed to bright light. Vaporous ectoplasm is light, and resembles clouds of smoke.

Ekimmu
The legendary evil ghost of an individual who was denied entrance to the underworld and is doomed to walk the earth for eternity. Ekimmu means "that which is snatched away". One could become an Ekimmu by dying a violent death such as murder, drowning, or any other unsavory death.

Electro-Magnetic Field Meter
An electronic devise that detects the changes in the Electro-magnetic field. Since this field is around everything, care should be taken around electric equipment. A reading of between 2.0 and 8 usually indicates paranormal activity. Above that is manmade.

Elementals
In magical tradition and ceremony, spirits which govern the four corners of the earth and are associated with, or reside within, the four basic elements. They are called Sylphs (the east, air), Salamanders (the south, fire), Undines (the west, water), and Gnomes (the north, earth)

Extrasensory Perception (ESP)
The acquisition of information by means beyond the five human senses. It is also sometimes referred to as the "Sixth Sense."

Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP)
A "spirit" voice on recorded on tape, usually audio. Most often not heard at the time of taping, but is present when the tape is replayed.

Empath
An individual who is particularly sensitive to the psychic emanations of his or her surroundings, even to a degree of telepathically receiving and experiencing the emotions of others in their proximity. Obviously, psychic empathy can be regarded as a mixed blessing, and the empath must learn to gain a measure of control over this ability.

Empathy
Rarely used in modern parapsychology, the popular usage of this term refers to a low–level form of telepathy wherein the empath appears to be aware of the emotional state of a distant person. An empath may also be able to "broadcast" emotions to others.

Enochian
A magical, "angelic" language first translated by Dr. John Dee, and used in the rituals of both the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn in the 19th century and the First Church of Satan in the 20th century.

ESP
Extrasensory perception (ESP) is the knowledge of external objects or events without the aid of the senses. It is most commonly called the "sixth sense" as it is sensory information an individual receives which comes beyond the ordinary five senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.) Many people have experienced dreams, visions, or unexplained feelings where they could predict some future event, sense a spirit or presence of something or someone, or even read someone else's mind.

Ethereal
Heavenly or spiritual, not of this world.

Etheric Body
The spiritual duplicate of one's physical body.

Exorcism
A religious rite performed by a holy man for the purpose of expelling an evil spirit or demon. An exorcism performed by the Roman Catholic Church is known as Rituale Romanum.

F

Faustus, Doctor Johann
(b. circa 1455, d. 1540) Scholar, physician and alchemist from Wittenburg, Germany, who was renowned for his proficiency in treating victims of the plague contagion (to which the Doctor seemed strangely resistant), and the basis for the stories by Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Christopher Marlowe about a learned man who sold his oul to the devil through his infernal agent Mephistopheles in exchange for "four and twenty years" of knowledge, youth and power.

Fetch
A spectral double of a living person.

Fortean Phenomena
Paranormal phenomena that science cannot explain. The term originated from Charles Fort (1874-1932), an American who catalogued thousands of strange phenomena that could not be explained in rational terms.

G

Ganzfield
A state of mild sensory deprivation, characterized by the presentation of homogenous sensory fields.

Ghost
The imprint of a previously living, now deceased entity. Usually human, but also can be of an animal. Because they are only imprints, it is not possible to communicate with ghosts. Ghost energy repeats the same pattern, and usually doesn't change, which is an indication that it is a ghost and not a spirit.

Ghost Hunt
An informal attempt to contact and record ghost or spirit activity. Not as scientifically conducted as a Paranormal Investigation.

Ghost Lights
Lights that resemble orbs, but are much larger and are usually seen from a distance. They can also be associated with a spirit who would have normally carried a light while living, i.e. and railroad worker or monks carrying candles. Also called ignis fatuus meaning foolish fire.

Ghost Mist/Fog
This is a fog or mist that is visible on photographs but was not visible to the naked eye. A feeling of a presence, cold chill, smell, or phantom footsteps may be felt prior to capturing these phenomena on photos.

Ghoul
A demon thought to feed on the dead.

Globule
An anomaly wherein floating, circular forms appear on photographs or videotape, which seem indicative of spirit activity. Globes are a natural containment formation of the meniscus of liquid, as in gas containing bubbles; perhaps the interaction of energy and a quasi-physical substance produced by spiritual manifestations results in a similar effect, the globules being an initial containment of energy. Presently, all we know is that they continue to appear, and extraneous possible causes such as moisture, light refraction or emulsion seepage, etc., have been considered and ruled out.

Glossalalia
Speaking/using a language either unknown to the speaker or unknown to linguistic experts; it may sometimes occur in a religious context.

Golden-rod
A rare anomaly seen in videotape recorded at the site of a suspected haunting, appearing as bright, white or yellowish lines rapidly moving across a room.

Gray Ladies
Are ghosts of a woman who has died at the hands of her lover or while waiting for him to return. They are so–named because of their mournful expressions. Most are found in England. Gray Ladies have been credited with providing preemptive warnings of disasters that have saved many lives.

Gremlin
A small, pesky spirit, generally friendly in nature, given to mischief and pranks involving electrical and mechanical equipment. Gremlins appear to be particularly fond of aircraft, and they were first acknowledged by the British Royal Air Force in World War I after pilots on dangerous missions reported seeing misty, goblinlike spirits in their aircraft.

Grief
The five stages of grief: Denial, Bargaining, Anger, Depression, and finally. These also apply to spirits who have not moved on and stay at the place they haunt. They must move on in their own time, and nothing the living can do can speed up their grieving process.

H

Haunting
An event where a spirit/ghost makes itself known to the people living in its former home, office building, or property. Usually a ghost is attached to a place rather than people; and they don't often leave the place that is being haunted when the people leave.

Heart of a Haunting
The precise location where paranormal activity occurs with the most frequency; the nucleus of the paranormal phenomena.

Hot Spot
An area or place where frequent paranormal activity occurs.

I

Incubus
A demon, taking male form, who seeks sexual intercourse with a woman.

Inner Voice
Receiving guidance and assistance from your own mind.

Intuition
The act or faculty of knowing or sensing something without the use of normal senses, e.g., sight, taste, feeling, smell, or hearing.

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K

Karma
The effect of a person's actions and conduct during the successive phases of the person's existence, regarded as determining their destiny.

L

Ley Lines
The invisible alignments between sacred or mystical locations, which are usually built on sites with energy vortexes. When sacred sites or energy vortexes are plotted on an area map, the straight lines connecting these locations are the Ley Lines. These pathways often have much more paranormal activity than other surrounding areas.

Lucid Dreaming
A person having a lucid dream is usually not aware that they are dreaming. The dream seems real and it appears impossible to determine whether the person is still asleep or has actually woken up. There might be telepathyprecognition, or clairvoyance involved when two people have the same dream. Past life experiences are also commonly projected through lucid dreams.

M

Magnetometer
A devise used to measure the presence of a magnetic field, as well as its strength, direction, and fluctuations. Some paranormal investigators believe that spirits have a detectable magnetic or energy aura.

Manifestation
When an entity takes form or makes an appearance. Can also mean the outbreak of activity.

Marian Apparition
The appearance of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The most famous Marian apparition began in 1981 in the village of Medjugorje, Bosnia. Six children began seeing visions of the Blessed Virgin and documented over two thousand sightings. Almost everyone who has made a pilgrimage to the village has experienced something that they could not explain. Healings have occurred. These apparitions are not ghosts, but considered spiritual events.

Materialization
The process of a spirit or ghost becoming visible to the human eye in some form.

Meditation
The process of relaxing, emptying your mind of all thought or reaching a different state of consciousness. Meditation can aid in spiritual development and/or inner peace. There are many types of meditation.

Medium
A person who has the psychic ability to communicate with the dead. Sometimes mediums use spirit guides to find the spirits of particular deceased loved ones. The word suggests that a medium acts as a midway point between the dead and the living.

Metaphysics
The study of phenomena not accounted for by known physical laws.

N

Near-Death Experience (NDE)
An experience where a living person actually dies, or comes close to actual death, and is revived. Many people recount their experiences of rushing through a tunnel toward a bright light, seeing deceased relatives and other visions of the afterlife. The phrase was coined by Dr. Raymond Moody in his book recounting patient's NDEs.

O

Objective Apparitions
Actual entities that appears independent of our mind, thoughts and feelings.

Orb
Always appears as a sphere or ball that looks as if it is emitting its own light. It seems to "glow" as it hovers or moves. They are usually white or blue. Orbs most often appear on photographs and/or video, but they are rarely seen by the human eye. No one is really sure what they are. All we do know is that appearing in locations that are reportedly haunted.

Ouija board
Also known as a spirit board or talking board, is a flat board marked with the letters of the alphabet, the numbers 0-9, the words "yes", "no", "hello" (occasionally), and "goodbye", along with various symbols and graphics. It uses a planchette, a small heart-shaped piece of wood or movable indicator. Participants place their fingers on the planchette, and it is moved about the board purportedly by spirits to spell out words.

Out of Body Experience (OBE)
Is also called, Astral Projection, and is a phenomenon where a spirit double, or astral body, leaves the body of a living being and travels to another location. This usually occurs when the living person is asleep or in a trance–like state. The Astral body, e.g., spirit/soul, returns to the living person and is reunited.

P

Paranormal
Beyond the simple human experience and scientific explanation.

Paranormal Investigation
A carefully controlled scientific research project to verify the presence of a ghost or spirit and to document the activity.

Paranormal Researcher
Someone who uses their own theories/ideas to test new research methods, protocols, and equipment. A true researcher is not biased to an old idea, but works to disprove or prove further the old idea, to expand the knowledge of the community. Typically, a researcher does not work to prove a paranormal occurrence as genuine, but to disprove the occurrence legitimately. Only when all possible false–positive contaminants have been ruled out can something be defined as a true anomaly.

Pareidolia
The misperception of an obscure stimulus being perceived as something more specific and distinct, or innate human characteristic to see something in something else, like depicting a face in the swirling of a stucco wall or ceiling, or from a pattern in wood paneling. This most often occurs in the paranormal investigation business, seeing a face in photograph that is probably a reflection and believing it to be a ghost. To quote the great Sherlock Holmes, (Sir Arthur Conan Doyle) "Eliminated all which is impossible, then whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth."

Past Life Recall
To remember or have mental flashes about previous lives.

Percipient
A person who sees or perceives the presence of a ghost or apparition.

Phantom
An apparition or specter that exists only as an energy form.

Phantasm
Something apparently seen but having no physical reality.

Phantasmagoria
A crowd of dim or unreal figures. It is also a device used for ghost making as a popular entertainment in the 18th century developed by E.G. Robertson around the 1790's for projecting convincing figures before an audience.

Phantom Hounds
Frightening large dog–spirit creatures with glowing eyes, sometimes headless, that chase the living, but rarely ever catch them. As long as the person seeing one of these apparitions is not frightened to death (or runs off a cliff to avoid them), they cannot cause any real damage. The sighting of phantom hounds seems to be at random, sometimes manifesting to guard something of importance.

Phantom Phone Calls
Calls via a telephone made by someone who has passed on. This usually occurs when the caller has a close emotional relationship to the person answering the call. Hundreds of reports of this type of phenomena have been recorded, but it is still considered a rare anomaly. There have also been reports of communication via other electronic appliances, such as radios, CB's, television sets and even computers.

Phantom Ships
The appearance of phantom ships is thought to be a death omen by sailors. The most famous Phantom Ship is the Flying Dutchman, which has many documented sightings from the 1800's. The Griffon can still be seen on the Great Lakes.

Phantom Travelers
Ghosts that haunt modes of transportation (trains, buses, and airplanes) that seems to be cursed to never–ending travel. Also known as Phantom Hitchhikers. Some apparitions occur only on the anniversary of the spirit's death.

Phasmophobia
Fear of ghosts.

Poltergeist
A German word translated "Noisy Spirit." Activity believed to be caused by an adolescent with latent psychic PK abilities. This is not believed to be spirit activity. Most studies have concluded that the agents of poltergeist activity originate from females under the age of twenty. Poltergeist activity is accumulative as the activity progresses.

Power Points
Spiraling rhythms of earth energy being drawn together from different sources to form a concentrated energy mass. Power Points have abnormal amounts of ghost and UFO sightings and poltergeist activity, making them a focus for many paranormal investigations.

Possession
When a person's mind or body are believed to be taken over by ghosts, spirits, or other supernatural entities.

Precognition
Knowledge of an event before it happens. The ability to receive information about objects or events that exist in a future time; the ability to predict the future through dreams or flashes of events while awake.

Premonition
A forewarning of a future event.

Presence
The feeling that an unseen person, spirit or being is nearby.

PSI
The factors responsible for a variety of paranormal phenomena, free from the cultural and personal assumptions of the paranormal.

Psychic
A person who has the ability to see, hear and feel by use of senses other than the natural senses.

Psychic Attacks
Paranormal assaults on humans or animals that can cause physical or mental distress, cultures, the "Evil Eye" or curses are also examples.

Psychometry
To touch an object with your hands and get information about the object, it's creator, its owner, or its history.

Psychokinesis
The movement of objects through the use of one's mind without the aid of physical persuasion; force of mind over matter; sometimes done without the conscious knowledge of the person using it. This is the case with Poltergeist incidents, and usually is brought about by a young adolescent. Uri Geller was believed to possess this ability.

Psychic Burn
The location where a terrible event, typically extremely violent, occurs causing human emotions, (fear, panic, anger, pain, hate, confusion, etc.), to explode from the scene scarring the physical environment. This is not a ghost, but rather a reenactment of a horrible event. This is also referred to as Atmospheric Apparitions.

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R

Radio Voice Phenomenon (RVP)
The reception of the voice of a deceased through the speakers of an ordinary radio.

Reading
Information given to a person by a medium.

Reciprocal Apparition
When the agent (ghost) and percipient (living person seeing the ghost) see and respond to each other and no one else in the area is aware of the ghost.

Recurring Apparitions
A ghostly appearance that occurs once a year or on a regular cycle, usually on the anniversary of a death or traumatic event.

Reincarnation
The belief that a soul comes back to earth many times through many lives for the purpose of attaining knowledge of every experience and to ultimately achieve perfection. Once perfection is achieved, the soul returns to God and becomes a part of Him.

Remote Viewing (RV)
The ability to access distant or shielded information primarily of visual character such as natural or structural features via an unknown mental process. RV may include other sensory modes, such as feelings, motion, or sound. Some individuals associate specific approaches, or protocols, with RV. It is the ability to produce information that is correct about a place, event, person, or object located somewhere in time/space, which is completely blind to the remote viewer.

Research Site
Location where a controlled environment is established and then visited frequently, i.e., weekly, biweekly, etc., to test new theories and research ideas. To a researcher, the benefits of a long-term research site is the ability to find out what is normal for that location; therefore, deviations from that norm may be recorded as data. This is not possible on an investigation where one may only visit a site a few times.

Residual Haunting
This type of haunt generally occurs at the same time every time and is the same scene over and over. There will be no interaction for the spirits don't even see you. These haunting usually involve a visual sighting of a past traumatic event that occurred at that location. It may not be technically referred to as a haunting, but more of an energy imprint.

Retrocognition
From the Latin retro meaning "backward, behind" and cognition meaning "knowing". A sudden shift or displacement in time in which one finds himself/herself in the past seeing or experiencing events of which they had no prior knowledge. Also known as "postcognition".

S

Scrying
Is a form of fortune-telling in which the seer perceives visions of the future while gazing into a mirror, crystal ball, bowl of water, or other reflective surface.

Séance
A gathering or "spirit circle" of individuals for the purpose of communicating with the dead. May also be referred to as a "Circle."

Sensitive
Someone who is aware of or can feel paranormal presences that cannot be picked up by the normal five senses. Usually does not have the ability to openly communicate with a spirit as does Medium, but can sense or feel what a spirit might have to say.

Shadow Figure
Dark figure–shaped entities of supernatural origin that appear in the peripheries of people's vision and then disintegrate, or move between walls when noticed. Shadow figures/people are not reported as having human features, wearing modern/period clothing, or attempting to communicate. No one is quite sure what they are, but in most cases, they evoke fear and dread;however, it has never been reported that a Shadow Figure has ever harmed any living person.

Simulacra
Human forms or likeness seen in natural formations such as furniture, light, trees, stones, etc.

Sixth sense
A power of perception independent of the five senses (touch, smell, sight, feeling, taste).

Skeptic
A person who is yet undecided as to what is true. One who looks for rational explanations as to why something occurs.

Sleep paralysis
A condition in which a person seems to be awake/conscious but is unable to move.

Soul
The life force or energy of a human being or animal. An individual's conscious identity that cannot be extinguished after the death of their body.

Spirit
Thought to be the soul of a human being or animal. It is the willpower and driving force behind the soul. A spirit can communicate through a medium or sensitive and sometimes lingers in the Earth Dimension because they have a strong emotional connection to a place or a person. There can be a ghost and a spirit of the same once–living person in the same area. A ghost image is their imprint and will be seen or felt performing the same motion, whereas their spirit can be anywhere and can communicate with a sensitive or a medium.

Spirit Guide
A spirit who assists a medium finds and communicate with the spirit of a deceased friend or relative. A spirit guide may also be referred to as a Control.

Spirit Photograph
A photograph where there is evidence of a spirit.

Spontaneous Human Combustion
The process of a human body starting on fire apparently as a result of heat generated by an internal chemical action. The phenomenon is very rare and has never been personally witnessed.

Subliminal Suggestion
Sensory impressions below the threshold of conscious awareness.

Subjective Apparitions
Are created by our minds and are actually hallucinations.

Succubus
A demon (taking a female form) who seeks sexual intercourse with a human man.

Supernatural
Something that exists or occurs through some means other than any known force in nature. As opposed to paranormal, the term often connotes divine or demonic intervention.

Synchronicity
Meaningful coincidences that often are mediated by subconscious PSI activity. Our intuitive/PSI faculty nudges our paths into meaningful intersections in times of need.

T

Telepathy
The mind-to-mind communication between individuals without the use of audible speech or hand signals. This often occurs normally between twins, mother and child, or anyone who is closely connected to another.

Teleportation
A type of paranormal transportation where an object or person is moved from one location to another, sometimes through solid objects, such as walls, closed doors or closed windows.

Time Slips
Moments where the past and present collide at one point.

Tone Healing
Is the belief that the tone of one's voice affects others by disturbing, catalyzing, soothing, lulling, inspiring and quite often healing others.

Touch Healing
Imparting through your hands soothing and healing vibrations of energy.

Transmigration
The belief that souls come back to life through many lives, ascending higher levels of life through insect, animal and then to human forms to ultimately attain perfection. Once perfection is achieved, the soul returns to God and becomes a part of Him.

U

UFO
Unidentified Flying Objects, considered as being alien spacecraft.

Ufology
The study of UFOs.

V

Vortex (Energy Vortex)
Believed to be a portal between dimensions though which ghosts/spirits travel. Another explanation is that they are more powerful orbs that are traveling at high speeds and look as though they are milky contrails that bend in different directions. They can also show on photographs as wiggly neon streamers of red, blue, white or yellow. They never leave s shadows, so if one shows up in your photograph and it has a shadow, it's probably not a vortex. Compasses go out of whack and sensitive electrical equipment fails. Vortexes can occur anywhere, inside caves, in riverbeds, within a house, or on the grounds of a cemetery. The Chinese call this energy Yin and Yang. Ancient civilizations built scared temples and holy shrines on locations believed to be vortexes and believed that these areas amplified energy and spiritual enlightenment.

W

White Noise
A hiss-like sound, formed by combining all audible frequencies. Often used as a background to EVP recordings.

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